Sopra doing so I will keep to the order indicated above, and discuss how such principalities are preciso be ruled and preserved
I will leave out all conversation on republics, inasmuch as durante another place I have written of them at length, and will address myself only onesto principalities.
I say at once there are fewer difficulties con holding hereditary states, and those long accustomed onesto the family of their prince, than new ones; for it is sufficient only not to transgress the customs of his ancestors, and puro deal prudently with circumstances as they arise, for verso prince of average powers sicuro maintain himself durante his state, unless he be deprived of it by some extraordinary and infructueuse force; and if he should be so deprived of it, whenever anything sinister happens to the usurper, he will regain it.
We have in Italy, for example, the Duke of Ferrara, who could not have withstood the attacks of the Venetians con ’84, nor those of Pope Julius mediante ’10, unless he had been long established in his dominions. For the hereditary prince has less cause and less necessity esatto offend; hence it happens that he will be more loved; and unless extraordinary vices cause him puro be hated, it is reasonable esatto expect that his subjects will be naturally well disposed towards him; and con the antiquity and duration of his rule the memories and motives that make for change are lost, for one change always leaves the toothing for another.
CHAPTER III. CONCERNING MIXED PRINCIPALITIES
And firstly, if it be not entirely new, but is, as it were, a member of a state which, taken collectively, may be called composite, the changes arise chiefly from an inherent difficulty which there is durante all new principalities; for men change their rulers willingly, hoping esatto better themselves, and this hope induces them to take up arms against him who rules: wherein they are deceived, because they afterwards find by experience they have gone from bad onesto worse. This follows also on another natural and common necessity, which always causes a new prince preciso burden those who have submitted esatto him with his soldiery and with infinite other hardships which he must put upon his new acquisition.
In this way you have enemies mediante all those whom you have injured con seizing that principality, and you are not able to keep those friends who put you there because of your not being able puro satisfy them mediante the way they expected, https://datingranking.net/it/connecting-singles-review/ and you cannot take strong measures against them, feeling bound onesto them. For, although one may be very strong in armed forces, yet per entering a province one has always need of the goodwill of the natives.
For these reasons Louis the Twelfth, King of France, quickly occupied Milan, and as quickly lost it; and onesto turn him out the first time it only needed Lodovico’s own forces; because those who had opened the gates sicuro him, finding themselves deceived sopra their hopes of future benefit, would not endure the ill-treatment of the new prince. It is very true that, after acquiring rebellious provinces per second time, they are not so lightly lost afterwards, because the prince, with little reluctance, takes the opportunity of the rebellion sicuro punish the delinquents, to clear out the suspects, and to strengthen himself mediante the weakest places. Thus onesto cause France preciso lose Milan the first time it was enough for the Duke Lodovico sicuro raise insurrections on the borders; but esatto cause him to lose it a second time it was necessary preciso bring the whole world against him, and that his armies should be defeated and driven out of Italy; which followed from the causes above mentioned.